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Tip: feed racks can be slanted forward about 20°, e.g. if they are too low.
For designing a feeding table the specified standard gauges are recommended (Wandel, 2006). Elevated feedstalls with side dividers reduce cows pushing others away while eating.
If the withers are injured, check the feeding table height and the self-catching feed rack or the bar!
Elevated feedstalls have a positive effect on feed intake, lower ranking cows are less often pushed away from the feeding place; animals spend less time in the vicinity of the feeding area without real feed intake (De Vries et al., 2006)
Elevated feedstalls are especially recommendable for paved walking alleys in combination with automatic milking systems. Herd feed intake in these systems is less synchronous. In elevated feedstalls cows can feed undisturbed, despite high scraping frequency, and their claws remain dry and clean.
The better the feeding place partition, the more seldom cows are pushed away while eating (Keyserlingk, 2008).
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